$5 Friday: Taiwanese steamed custard puddings

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When we lived in Taiwan, my kids loved eating Taiwanese ‘pudding’. This is basically like a creme caramel that came to Taiwan circuitously via Japan.  Any self-respecting, decent bakery or patisserie (and there were a lot to choose from) had a gourmet version of this pudding.

Taiwanese puddings

It is a simple recipe, but it took me a while to discover how to make it. I previously blogged on my Taiwanxifu site about a version made with gelatine, which resembled the 7-Eleven/Convenience store type they were used to.  But now I have recreated an upmarket, steamed version.  I even made it in the special glass pudding jars they use in Taiwan.

Taiwanese puddings
Taiwanese puddings

I made these for my kids, and I also made them as part of a group cooking class run by Cooking Circles.  Cooking Circles is an initiative of Heidi Zajac.  Heidi spent time in Timor Leste working on a project to help improve the nutrition of East Timorese women.  Many young women were moving from the countryside to the city in search of jobs.  They didn’t want to eat traditional, peasant foods (nor did they always know how to cook them).  Instead they wanted the processed and imported foods they saw foreign aid workers eating.

Heidi developed a system of community-based cooking groups to help these young women learn how to cook, encourage them to use local ingredients and also to make friends.  She has now extended this program to Canberra, and I was excited a few weeks back to participate in one on Taiwanese food.

The challenge for me in cooking and talking about Taiwanese dishes was to define what Taiwanese cuisine actually is.  The food that is eaten in Taiwan is an amalgam of many different influences.  As a foreigner, I could impartially observe what and how people ate, and it was not always what Taiwanese thought of as ‘Taiwanese’ food.  This pudding recipe is an example: every Taiwanese child grows up eating this, yet you would be unlikely to ever find it in a Taiwanese cookbook.

My children are certainly familiar with it, and they are so excited when I make pudding. Try it and you will see why.


30g Taiwan black sugar (黑糖), substitute CSR dark sugar or Muscovado sugar
2 teaspoons water

320ml milk
80g cream (optional, can use additional milk if preferred – coconut cream is also nice)
80g sugar
2 whole eggs
1 egg yolk
1 teaspoon vanilla


  1. Make the caramel by dissolving the sugar in water and boiling in a small saucepan. There is an art to getting the caramel right; not so much that it turns, but enough that it becomes lock-jaw toffee.  The timing will vary depending on the size of the saucepan and the heat at which you cook it.  Spoon a little onto a dish to test it is done.  And be careful not to leave it unattended as it can burn quickly.

    Caramel and custard mixture
    Caramel and custard: pouring custard mixture over the caramel bottom – it is very forgiving, this turned out fabulous
  2. While still hot, spoon the caramel into the base of six Taiwanese pudding bottles, heat-proof glasses or ramekins.  Allow to cool slightly.
  3. Meanwhile, make the custard.  Heat the milk, cream and vanilla in a saucepan until it it almost boiling.
  4. In a separate bowl, beat the eggs and sugar with a whisk until the volume increases.
  5. When the milk is hot enough, slowly add a few tablespoons into the egg and sugar mixture and and beat vigorously until combined.  Gradually add the remaining milk.
  6. Pour the beaten egg and dairy mixture through a fine sieve into a clean bowl (or ideally a jug).  Allow the mixture to cool slightly, then gently pour the egg mixture over the caramel.  Cover the pudding bottles or ramekins with aluminium foil.

    Foil topped puddings in the steamer about to be cooked
    Foil topped puddings in the steamer about to be cooked
  7. I steamed my Taiwanese pudding custards in a unique Taiwanese contraption – a Ta tung multi-functional cooker.  I added one cup of water to the outer perimeter of the electric cooker, and put a chopstick in between the lid and the cooker to allow a little of the steam to flow through – this allows the puddings to cook at a lower temperature and avoid as many air bubbles.

    My Ta-tung electric cooker
    My Ta-tung electric cooker
  8. If you do not have a Taiwanese electric cooker, you can put the puddings on a trivet in the bottom of a large saucepan.  Add some water to the bottom, place the saucepan lid on slightly askew, and then boil for around 15 to 20 minutes.  Alternatively, place in a large baking tin and cover halfway up with water.  Bake in a medium oven for around 20 minutes.
    Freshly steamed puddings, ready to eat
    Freshly steamed puddings, ready to eat


    Cost (based on ALDI prices), makes six:

Muscovado sugar, 50c
milk, 35c
cream, 50c
white sugar, 20c
eggs, 66c
vanilla, 50c

Total:  $2.71 or 45c each

Taiwanese steamed egg custards
Taiwanese steamed egg custards


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